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Employees State Insurance Act
Short Title, Extent and Application
This act may be called the Employee's State Insaurance Act, 1958.
It extents to the whole of India*.
It shall come into force on such date or dates as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazzatte, appoint,
  and different dates may be appointed for different provisions of this Act and [or different States or for different parts thereof.]
It shall apply, in the first instance, to all factories (including factories belonging to the [Government] other than seasonal
  factories.
The appropriate Government may, in consultation with the Corporation and [where the appropriate Government is a State
  Government, with the approval of the Central Government], after giving six months' notice of its intention of so doing by
  notification in the Official Gazzette, extends the provisions of this Act or any of them, to any other establishment or class of
  establishments, industrial, commercial, agricultural or otherwise.
   
Introduction
The law relating to employees’ State Insurance is governed by the following legislations:* Employees’ State insurance Act, 1948
Employees’ State Insurance Act, 1948.
   
Objective of the Act
The objective of the act is to provide for certain benefits to employees in case of sickness, maternity and “employment injury” and
to provide for certain other matters in relation there to.
 
Applicability of the Act
The Act is applicable to all factories including factories belonging to the Government other than seasonal factories. The appropriate
Government may after giving a notice of not less than six months and by notification in the official Gazette, extend the application of
the Act or any of them, to any other establishment or class of establishments, industrial, commercial, agricultural or otherwise. Once
the Act becomes applicable, the Act shall continue to apply irrespective of the reduction in number of employees or cessation of
manufacturing process with the aid of power.
 
Obligations of the Employer
The obligations of an employer under the Act are given below:
Registration of Factory/Establishment
Insurance of employees
Registration of families Issue of identity card
Issue of certificate of employment
Issue of permanent Acceptance Card.
Payment of contributions
Maintenance of Inspection book
Prohibitions
Duties in case of accidents
Liability for excessive sickness benefit
   
Offences & Penalties
Following Penalties are imposed by the E.S.I. Departments in different offences for any establishment under the E.S.I. Act 1948.
Which shall not be less than one year and a fine of ten thousand rupees in case of default in payment of the employees’
  contribution which as been deducted by the employer from the employees’ wages.
Which shall not be less than six months and a fine of five thousand rupees, in any other case.
However, the court may, for any adequate and special reasons to be recorded in the judgment, impose a sentence of imprisonment
for a lesser term.
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