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Factories Act, 1948
Short Title, Extent and Application
This act may be called the Factory Act,1948.
It extents to the whole of India*.
It shall come into force on the 1st day of April,1959.
 
Introduction
The Law relating to factories is governed under the factories Act, 1948.
 
Objective of the Act
The Act has been enacted primarily with the object of protecting workers employed in factories against industrial and occupational hazards. For that purpose, it seeks to impose upon the owner or the occupier certain obligations to protect the workers and to secure for them employment in conditions conductive to their health and safety.
 
Applicability of the Act
The act applies to all factories. The State Government may, by notification in the official Gazette, declare that all or any of the provisions of the act shall apply to any place wherein manufacturing process is caused on with or without the aid of power or is so ordinarily carried on, not with standing that:
the number of persons employed therein is less than ten, if working with the aid of power and less than twenty if working without
  the aid of power, or
the persons working therein are not employed by the owner thereof but are working with the permission of, or under agreement
  with, such owner.
However, no such declaration can be made where the manufacturing process is being carried o by the owner only with the aid of his family.
 
Obligations of the Employer
Approval, licensing and registration of factory
Notice of resumption of work
Notice regarding appointment of manager
General duties of occupier
General duties of manufacturers
Health measures
Safety Measures
Handling of hazardous Processes
Welfare measures
Working hours of adults
Employment of young persons
Annual leave with wages
Issue of Notices
Display of Notices
Timely submission of Returns.
Appeal
 
Offences & Penalties
Save as is otherwise expressly provided in this Act and subject to the provision of section 93, if in, or in respect of any contravention of any of the provisions of this Act or of any rules made there under or of any order in writing given there under, the occupier and manger of the factory shall each be guilty of an offence and punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to two years or with fine which may extend to One Lakh Rupees or with both, and if the contravention is continued after conviction, with a further fine which may extend to one thousand rupees for each day on which the contravention is so continued.
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